Steel Fabrication – The Basic Processes

February 3, 2023 12:00 am Published by Leave your thoughts

When it comes to metal fabrication basics, there are a number of questions about the processes that take place. For starters, basic metal fabrication has evolved a number of times over the years. Copper was once the most common type of metal that was used. From there, it was replaced by bronze.

As the manufacturing industry made its inevitable shift to the iron age, this sea change only lasted so long before cast iron became outdated. Fabricated steel soon became the standard. To learn more about steel fabrication, please be sure to check out the following guide.

What Is Steel Fabrication?

This is how steel structures are constructed. In order to produce these structures, cutting, bending, welding, forming and assembling must take place. In layman’s terms, this is the process that occurs when raw steel is turned into the necessary shapes that are required for building construction projects. Machinery, heavy equipment and railings are included in said projects.

What Are the Advantages of Steel Fabrication?

Because of its sustainability when it comes to being used as a building material, steel is a high-demand choice for projects of this nature. Steel is also associated with a greater level of efficiency in the building process. Let’s take a closer look at some of the advantages associated with steel fabrication:


Steel is able to withstand a wide range of weather conditions, making it easy for building projects. Commercial structures often rely on steel because it is considered to be stronger than concrete. Steel is resistant to fires and storms and lasts for a very long time.

Customization Possibilities

Since it can be bent into various shapes, most fabricators will typically select it. It can be bent or molded in many ways, making it the best material for custom designs.

Environmental Friendliness

Steel has a low carbon footprint and is easily recyclable. Any business that would like to go green will benefit immensely from choosing steel.

Lowered Costs

In addition to the aforementioned benefits, steel is also very cost-effective. Costs are much lower because steel stands the test of time and allows a business to avoid costly repairs.

What Are the Basic Steel Fabrication Processes?


This is when steel sections are cut up so that they are easier to use during the process of fabrication. This method is also a great way to make the customization process simpler. Circular saws, plasma cutting and flame cutting are used.

Shot Blasting

Small steel beads or shots are used in these instances. The steel is burned or blasted so that impurities are removed, and the metal is prepared for fabrication. With shot blasting, welding is easier because of the clean finish.


Steel often needs to be coated for aesthetic or practical reasoning. In many instances, the coating is done to avoid corrosion.


If the construction process is more intricate, bending is utilized. A roll bender is used so that the required arc can be achieved. Press braking techniques are used if the bend that is required is more straightforward.


High heat is used to melt down steel structures so that they are able to be fused together once they have cooled off. It’s a universally applied steel fabrication technique.

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